Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal, Kapampangan: Sulapawang Internasyonal ning Diosdado Macapagal), also called Clark International Airport (IATA: CRK, ICAO: RPLC), is the main airport serving the immediate vicinity of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) and the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines. It is located on an area of the CSEZ formerly used as the airfield of the Clark Air Base, which was closed in 1991 by the U.S. Air Force after the explosion of Mount Pinatubo, subsequently cleaned and reopened as the CSEZ. The two runways in DMIA are capable of NASA Space Shuttle landings. However, it is no longer listed as an active landing site, and has never had a Space Shuttle land there.
The airport is managed by the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC), a government-owned and/or controlled corporation.
The airport is being developed to be the Premier Gateway Airport of the Philippines replacing Ninoy Aquino International Airport by year 2010.
After the cleanup of the base, which was covered in lahar after the Mount Pinatubo explosion and the typhoon that followed, the base was reopened in 1993 as the CSEZ. During the administration of former Philippine President Fidel Ramos, the airport was designated to be the future primary international gateway of the Philippines and the only international airport of Manila and its neighboring provinces when Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila has reached full capacity and can no longer be expanded. In the early 2000s, the airport was renamed by Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as the DMIA, in memory of her father, Diosdado Macapagal, the ninth Philippine president, who was a native of the province of Pampanga, where the airport is located. During March, 2007, Gate Gourmet and Miascor invested $3million (USD) to construct a in-flight catering service facility. The new facility will be able to prepare over 4,000 meals a day for the airlines operating from the airport. The facility is being constructed on a 3,000mē site adjacent to the CIAC headquarters. On October 12, 2007, an Airbus A380 MSN009 test aircraft landed in DMIA and demonstrated that it can be used under normal airline operating conditions, this further shows that DMIA can operate the Airbus A380 and become the premier airport of the Philippines in future.
After ten years since the conception of the Clark International Airport Corporation and after conducting various master development plans for the airport in Clark, the CIAC Board finally approved a Master Plan for the development of the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport. The plans are to expand and modernize the existing passenger terminal and turn it into a terminal for low cost airlines and soon to be the country's premier international gateway, making it Manila's Low Cost Airline Terminal and the fourth such terminal in Asia, after Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Kota Kinabalu International Airport and Singapore Changi Airport. There are also low cost terminals planned for Suvarnabhumi Airport and Penang Airport.
There are also ambitious plans to construct a passenger terminal much bigger and more technologically advanced than Hong Kong International Airport's passenger terminal and Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport's passenger terminal and the same size as Beijing Capital Airport Terminal 3. The airport project is similar to Hong Kong's Airport Core Programme.
Premier Gateway Plan
The project includes and features:
Demolition of most airport structures except the existing passenger terminal.
Apron of the existing passenger terminal, and the two runways expansion and modernisation of the existing passenger terminal and its conversion into a Low Cost Airline Terminal.
The extension of the eastern runway to 4000 meters.
Construction of a y-shaped main passenger terminal building with 126 jetways (19 which are A380 ready) and a x-shaped satellite concourse with 79 jetways (12 which are A380 ready) and a new control tower in the midfield.
Construction of new taxiways and aprons.
Construction of four new runways.
Construction of a new cargo terminal complex.
Construction of an airport plaza which will house the wellwishers facility.
Construction of Management offices, business center and airport hotel and will also have a retail area.
Construction of a Ground Transportation Center (GTC) below the airport plaza which will house an Airport Railway station, the airport bus station, the taxi station and the car rentals.
Construction of a People Mover Automatic People Mover (APM) connecting the airport plaza and the GTC with the main passenger terminal and the satellite terminal
Construction of a new railway with 2 separate lines, one for the Airport Railway and another for the NorthRail commuter and high speed rail line serving Manila and the northern provinces of Luzon.
Construction of 2 interchanges from the Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway which will connect to the existing North Luzon Expressway.
Three parallel runways capable of NASA space shuttle landings (one of only three in world).
Facility can accommodate the A380 once completed.
Will be one of the largest airports in the world.
When completed, it will have:
145 Frontal Rontal Gates and
134 Remote Gates
Once completed it can accommodate 110 million passengers annually., becoming one of the largest and most technologically advanced airports in the world.
On February 5, 2007, Philippine President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered the Clark International Airport Corp. to hasten the P56.5-billion or $1.7-billion development of the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport and the approval of $2-million study plan financed by the Korean International Cooperation Agency. In January 2008, the first stage of DMIA's expansion program, the P130-million Terminal Expansion, was completed to accommodate at least 2 million passengers annually.
The second phase of the airport expansion project, dubbed Premier Gateway Terminal as part of its ambition to replace NAIA as the "Premier Gateway to the Philippines", will start on April 2008 and is scheduled to become operational in 2009, to include retrofitting to better accommodate wide-bodied aircraft like Boeing 747-8 & Airbus A380